Diabetes is not a newly born disease, it has been with human race from long back but, we came to know about it in 1552 B.C. Since this period, many of Greek as well French physicians had worked on it and made us aware of the nature of disease, organs responsible for it etc. In 1870s, a French physician had discovered a link between Diabetes and diet intake, and an idea to formulate individual diet plan came into picture.
Diabetic diet was formulated with inclusion of milk, oats and other fiber containing foods in 1900-1915. Function of insulin, its nature, along with its use started from 1920 -1923, discovered by Dr. Banting, Prof. Macleod and Dr. Collip, who were awarded a Noble prize. In the decade of 1940, it has been discovered that different organs like kidney and skin are also affected if diabetes is creeping from a long-term. A major turn in this research was in the year 1955, when the oral hypoglycemic drugs had been manufactured.
Diabetes was recognized with complete details and its types (Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes – that is insulin dependent and non insulin dependent) in the year, 1959. As we know this is one of the old diseases, existing in many individuals and still on rising charts. Hence, scientists are continuously working to relieve us from it, by discovering the relevant drugs and making new researches.
According to World Health Organization estimates, by 2025 total 300 million of the worldwide population will be affected by diabetes. For every 21 seconds, someone is diagnosed with diabetes, an estimation given by American Diabetes Association. And, there are 20.8 million diabetics in US at present, which is roughly estimated as 7% of US population, out of this figure about 6.2 millions are unaware of the diabetes existence in their life.